A question that Go4Reviews Legal team often receives from parents and schools alike is whether NCERT books are mandatory for CBSE schools? Through this article, we intend to inform parents about the current status of mandate of NCERT books for CBSE schools. We are going to look at the 5 main directives (by concerned authorities) that govern this topic. These are:
1) Circular by CBSE in April, 2016
2) Circular by CBSE in April, 2017
3) Follow-up circular by CBSE in Dec, 2017
4) Direction by Madras High court in May, 2018 and
5) CBSE affiliation byelaws in Oct, 2018
Direction 1- Circular by CBSE in April, 2016
In April 2016, CBSE came up with the circular No. Acad/13/2016 dated 12.04.2016 that directed schools not to force children and their parents to buy textbooks other than NCERT/CBSE textbooks.
Direction 2- Circular by CBSE in April, 2017
In April 2017, CBSE came up with the circular No. CBSE/AFF/CIRCULAR/10/2017 dated 19.04.2017 that directed schools not to coerce parents to buy text books and stationary from within their premises or selected vendors only. This circular was not related to NCERT books but has been reproduced here to let parents know that schools cant force parentsto buy books from them only. Same prescribed books can be bought elsewhere.
Direction 3- Follow up Circular by CBSE in Dec, 2017
In Dec 2017, CBSE sent a follow up circular to its last circular of April, 2017 where CBSE mentioned that schools can open a small outlet to sell books and stationary items. However, the school shall sell only NCERT books from the outlet. You can download the circular from http://cbse.nic.in/newsite/circulars/2017/CIRCULAR%2016a.pdf
Direction 4- Madras High court order in May, 2018
On May 29, 2018, Madras High court took the above circulars from CBSE in cognizance and ordered all CBSE schools to use NCERT books only.
Direction 5- Byelaws amendment by CBSE in Oct, 2018
CBSE had filed a plea against the Madras High court order in August, 2018. Post that, CBSE amended its byelaws to give an option subtly to schools to pursue non-NCERT text books as well. As part of the byelaws published on 18th Oct, 2018, it mentioned ” The school may prescribe NCERT textbooks in the classes and subjects in which these have been published by the NCERT. Extra care should be taken in the selection of books of private publishers so that there is no objectionable content that hurts the feeling of any class, community, gender or any religious group in the society. The school shall put a list of prescribed books on its website with the written declaration duly signed by the manager and the principal to the effect that they have gone through the contents of the books prescribed by the school, and own the responsibility.” The byelaws used the word ‘may’ thereby allowing schools to take a decision on their own. The byelaws can be downloaded from http://cbseaff.nic.in/cbse_aff/attachment/onlineservices/affiliation-Bye-Laws.pdf
There have been no follow ups or directions by any authority post the last amended byelaws of CBSE, which was published in Oct, 2018. Hence, a conclusion can be drawn that schools can prescribe non-NCERT books only if the list of such books is uploaded on its website with signatures of principal and manager of the school.
Last Updated on January 7, 2020 by Go4Reviews