According to the bylaws of Noida, Greater Noida and Yamuna expressway authorities, below are the measures that a builder has to necessarily take to ensure safety of its residents and integrity of services. Almost all of these measures refer to National Building code (NBC) of 2005 for implementation. Since each section of NBC itself has huge set of requirements, we will try to cover the same in our upcoming posts later. We have however given few excerpts from NBC for the general understanding:
Fire Safety Requirements
(a) Building shall be so planned, designed and constructed so as to ensure fire safety andthis shall be done in accordance with Part IV ‘Fire Protection’ of the National Building Code of India as amended from time to time.
(b) In case of multi-storeyed buildings above 15 meter in height, building which are more than three storeys and building with more than 400 square meters ground floor coverage and all other buildings of industrial, storage, assembly and hazardous type building scheme, provisions of Uttar Pradesh Agni Nivaran aur Agni Suraksha Adhinium shall apply.
Just to give an excerpt from NBC, automatic sprinklers have to be installed in basements with coverage area of more than 200 sq m (refer 5.1.7 a) and in all floors of group housing taller than 45 meter.
The structural design of any item of masonry, timber, plain concrete and steel in a building shall be carried out in accordance with Part VI (Structural Design, Section-1, Boards, Section-2, Section-5,Concrete, Section-6 Steel, as the case may be) of National Building Code of India NBC-2005 prepared by Indian Standard Institution and as prevalent at the time of execution of the works.
NBC 2005 governs the right mix of cement, sand etc.
Quality of Material and Workmanship
All materials and workmanship shall be of good quality conforming generally to accepted standards of Public Work Department of Uttar Pradesh, Indian Standards Specifications and Codes as included in Part V Building Materials and Part VII Constructional Practices and Safety of National Building Code of India 2005 as amended from time to time.
NBC talks about planning, preparing for construction and some ideal construction practices and material to be used in this section.
The planning design and installation of electrical installations, air-conditioning and heating work, installation of lifts and escalators in a building shall be carried out in accordance with Part VIII (Building Services, Section 2, Electrical Installations,
Section 3, Air-conditioning and heating, Section-5, Installation of lifts and escalators, as the easy may be) of National Building Code of India 2005 prepared by Indian Standard Institution and as prevalent at the time of execution of the work.
The planning design, construction and installation of water supply, drainage and sanitation and gas supply system in building shall be in accordance with the Part IX (Plumbing Services Section I, Water Supply Section 1, Drainage and Sanitation, Section-1, Gas Supply, section 2, of National Building Code of India prepared by Indian Standard Institution as amended from time to time.
Water supply requirements
The requirements of water supply in a building shall be in accordance with the provision of National Building Code as amended from time to time.
NBC talks of water supply, drainage and sanitation and sewage treatment requirements.
(1) Subject to the provision of any law for the time being in force, the sanitary fittings and installations in building shall be in accordance with the provisions of National Building Code as amended from time to time.
(2) Every factory building within the area shall be provided with such baths and urinals as may be prescribed by or under the provisions of the Factories Act 1948 as amended from time to time.
Structural Safety for Natural Hazard Protection
For buildings more than three storeys (including ground floor) or more than 12.0 meter height and important facilities like water works, overhead tank, telephone exchange, bridges and culverts, electric substation, transmission towers, the requirements specified in the Indian Standard Code and Guidelines and other documents shall be observed for structural safety and natural hazards protection of
Provision for Physically Handicapped
Provisions for physically handicapped persons shall be made in all buildings and facilities used by public in accordance with the provision of Part III, Annex D of National Building Code.
NBC talks of use of ramps, supports, walkways etc for meeting the needs of any person with disability.
As you could see, if bylaws are diligently followed and implemented, even critical yet ignored concerns like provisioning for physically handicapped, sanitary fittings, plumbings have to be met.
Last updated: May 9, 2015 at 1:31 am